This is such an important topic on so many levels. I am sure I can write a novel on the subject, so I thought I would just start brainstorming and see where it leads me.
Cross training is by my definition using a variety of exercise techniques to develop a well rounded fitness approach. Fundamentally we must pay attention to the 3 elements of our physical conditioning:
Further to that we must remember other aspects of our wellness such as emotional, social, spiritual and mental well being. Our pursuit of fitness should encompass all of these aspects of our wellness, as evenly as possible.
With the physical aspects of our health it is important to achieve a consistent exercise program from week to week, month to month, over the years. Can Fit Pro's Guidelines recommend:
- Strength 2-4x week
- Cardiovascular 3-5x week
- Flexibility 4-7x week
Understanding that these 3 elements support each other, it makes sense to balance an approach to physical fitness. When training for an event it is imperative to focus on the sport specific workouts- if you are training for a half marathon you have to log long runs- but strength conditioning on off days can target muscles necessary to support the sport and improve performance. Similarly, flexibility training improves range of motion which can improve performance and play a role in injury prevention.